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What Is The Septuagint Bible?

What is the difference between the Hebrew Bible and the Septuagint?

Canonical differences

The Hebrew Bible, also called the Tanakh, has three parts: the Torah (law), the Nevi’im (prophets), and the Ketuvim (writings). The Septuagint has four: law, history, poetry, and prophets. The books of the Apocrypha were inserted at appropriate locations.

Who wrote the Septuagint Bible?

The Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible is called Septuagint because 70 or 72 Jewish scholars reportedly took part in the translation process. The scholars worked in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-247 B.C.), according to the Letter of Aristeas to his brother Philocrates.

What is the Septuagint and why is it important?

The name Septuagint refers to what is mostly a collection of ancient translations. To me, the story of the Septuagint’s creation—what it tells us about the growth of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, and its role in the birth and early development of Christianity—is absorbing.

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Which Bible translation uses the Septuagint?

The Orthodox Study Bible was released in 2008, using the Septuagint as the basis for its Old Testament and the New King James Version for its New Testament.

Why did Martin Luther remove 7 books from the Bible?

Several reasons are proposed for the omission of these books from the canon. One is the support for Catholic doctrines such as Purgatory and Prayer for the dead found in 2 Maccabees. Another is that the Westminster Confession of Faith of 1646, during the English Civil War, actually excluded them from the canon.

Is the Torah older than the Bible?

The Torah is written in Hebrew, the oldest of Jewish languages. It is also known as Torat Moshe, the Law of Moses. The Torah is the first section or first five books of the Jewish bible.

What is the most accurate Bible?

The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (NWT) is a translation of the Bible published by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.

New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures.

New World Translation
Complete Bible published 1961
Textual basis OT: Biblia Hebraica. NT: Westcott & Hort.

What are the 14 books removed from the Bible?

The section contains the following:

  • 1 Esdras (Vulgate 3 Esdras)
  • 2 Esdras (Vulgate 4 Esdras)
  • Tobit.
  • Judith (“Judeth” in Geneva)
  • Rest of Esther (Vulgate Esther 10:4 – 16:24)
  • Wisdom.
  • Ecclesiasticus (also known as Sirach)
  • Baruch and the Epistle of Jeremy (“Jeremiah” in Geneva) (all part of Vulgate Baruch)

Are the Dead Sea Scrolls older than the Bible?

Discovered by a Bedouin shepherd in the caves of Qumran, the Dead Sea Scrolls consist of passages of the Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament, that range from 1,800 to more than 2,000 years old. They comprise the oldest copies of Biblical text ever found.

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Do we have the original Septuagint?

The text of the Septuagint is contained in a few early, but not necessarily reliable, manuscripts. The best known of these are the Codex Vaticanus (B) and the Codex Sinaiticus (S), both dating from the 4th century ce, and the Codex Alexandrinus (A) from the 5th century.

What is the difference between the Septuagint and the Vulgate?

The Vulgate is usually credited as being the first translation of the Old Testament into Latin directly from the Hebrew Tanakh rather than from the Greek Septuagint. Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, 1 and 2 Maccabees and Baruch are included in the Vulgate, and are purely Vetus Latina translations which Jerome did not touch.

Why do Protestants use the Masoretic text?

The Masoretic Text was used as the basis for translations of the Old Testament in Protestant Bibles such as the King James Version and American Standard Version and (after 1943) for some versions of Catholic Bibles.

Was the book of Enoch in the Septuagint?

Although evidently widely known during the development of the Hebrew Bible canon, 1 Enoch was excluded from both the formal canon of the Tanakh and the typical canon of the Septuagint and therefore, also from the writings known today as the Deuterocanon.

Was the Apocrypha in the Septuagint?

Biblical apocrypha are a set of texts included in the Septuagint and Latin Vulgate but not in the Hebrew Bible. While Catholic tradition considers some of these texts to be deuterocanonical, Protestants consider them apocryphal.

What is the name of the oldest complete copy of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew?

Codex Leningradensis is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew. Manuscripts earlier than the 13th century are very rare. The majority of the manuscripts have survived in a fragmentary condition.

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