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Quick Answer: Who Was Ahasuerus In The Bible?

Is King Ahasuerus the same as Xerxes?

Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes. No other name resembling Ahasuerus, nor any name like Darius, is to be found in the list of Median kings.

Was Esther married to King Ahasuerus?

Esther is described in all versions of the Book of Esther as the Jewish queen of a Persian king Ahasuerus.

Esther
Spouse Ahasuerus
Father Abihail (biological) Mordecai (adoptive)
Religion Judaism

What kind of king was Ahasuerus?

Xerxes I, was a Persian king (reigned 485 – 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty. In the Bible he is known as Ahasuerus. A son of Darius I and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great, he was appointed successor to his father in preference to his eldest half-brothers, who were born before Darius had become king.

Which Persian king did Esther marry?

Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.

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Why did Vashti refuse king?

She was banished for her refusal to appear at the king’s banquet to show her beauty as the king wished, and Esther was chosen to succeed her as queen. In the Midrash, Vashti is described as wicked and vain. She is viewed as an independent-minded heroine in feminist interpretations of the Purim story.

What is another name for King Xerxes?

Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor’, actually means `king of kings’.

Was Esther the mother of Artaxerxes?

The “Old Greek” Septuagint version of Esther translates the name Ahasuerus as Artaxerxes, a Greek name derived from the Persian Artaxšaϑra. Jewish tradition relates that Esther was the mother of a King Darius and so some try to identify Ahasuerus with Artaxerxes I and Esther with Kosmartydene.

Why was the book of Esther included in the Bible?

The well-known German Jewish historian Heinrich Graetz (1817-1891) for example, argued that the Book of Esther was written at the time of the Maccabean struggle (167-160 BCE) against Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in order to boost the spirit of the Jews at that critical time, and to show that god does not abandon its people.

Where is Persia today?

Persia, historic region of southwestern Asia associated with the area that is now modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries and originated from a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs.

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How did Darius die?

With the Persian Empire now effectively under Alexander’s control, Alexander then decided to pursue Darius. Before Alexander reached him, however, Darius was killed by his relative Bessus, who was also the satrap of Bactria.

What happened to Persia?

Persia was eventually conquered by Alexander the Great in 334 B.C.E. This relief of two figures can be seen in the ancient Achaemenid capital of Persepolis, in what is now Shiraz, Iran. In 1979, UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site. (356-323 BCE) Greek ruler, explorer, and conqueror.

What does Ahasuerus mean?

Ahasuerus in British English

(əˌhæzjuːˈɪərəs ) Old Testament. a king of ancient Persia and husband of Esther, generally identified with Xerxes.

What is the real story of Purim?

Purim, (Hebrew: “Lots”) English Feast of Lots, a joyous Jewish festival commemorating the survival of the Jews who, in the 5th century bce, were marked for death by their Persian rulers. The story is related in the biblical Book of Esther.

What is the main message of the Book of Esther?

The main theme in the book of Esther is that God is working behind the scenes. There was a divine purpose for all the decisions and details documented in this story, yet none of that becomes apparent until the end. God was arranging all these “secular” events to bring about His divine purpose to save the Jews.

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