- 1 Who is zerubbabel and why is he significant?
- 2 What happened to the Jerusalem temple built by zerubbabel?
- 3 How many Jews returned zerubbabel?
- 4 Who was the leader of the third return from exile?
- 5 Who destroyed the First Temple?
- 6 Who rebuilt the temple in Jerusalem after the exile?
- 7 How many times has the temple in Jerusalem been destroyed and rebuilt?
- 8 Who destroyed the Second Temple in 70 AD?
- 9 Why did Solomon build the temple?
- 10 What is Judah called today?
- 11 Who exiled the Israelites?
- 12 How long was Israel in exile?
- 13 When did Judah return from exile?
- 14 How long did it take Ezra to travel from Babylon to Jerusalem?
- 15 What was Nehemiah’s job under King Artaxerxes?
Who is zerubbabel and why is he significant?
Zerubbabel led the first group of Jews, numbering 42,360, who returned from the Babylonian captivity in the first year of Cyrus the Great, the king of the Achaemenid Empire. The date is generally thought to have been between 538 and 520 BC.
What happened to the Jerusalem temple built by zerubbabel?
Much as the Babylonians destroyed the First Temple, the Romans destroyed the Second Temple and Jerusalem in c. 70 CE as retaliation for an ongoing Jewish revolt.
|Second Temple Herod’s Temple|
|Creator||Zerubbabel (according to Bible), rebuilt by Herod the Great|
How many Jews returned zerubbabel?
Persian and Hellenistic Periods (538-142 BCE)
Following a decree by the Persian King Cyrus, conqueror of the Babylonian empire (538 BCE), some 50,000 Jews set out on the first return to the Land of Israel, led by Zerubbabel, a descendant of the House of David.
Who was the leader of the third return from exile?
Ezra, Hebrew ʿezraʾ, (flourished 4th century bc, Babylon and Jerusalem), religious leader of the Jews who returned from exile in Babylon, reformer who reconstituted the Jewish community on the basis of the Torah (Law, or the regulations of the first five books of the Old Testament).
Who destroyed the First Temple?
King Solomon, according to the Bible, built the First Temple of the Jews on this mountaintop circa 1000 B.C., only to have it torn down 400 years later by troops commanded by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar, who sent many Jews into exile.
Who rebuilt the temple in Jerusalem after the exile?
Nehemiah, also spelled Nehemias, (flourished 5th century bc), Jewish leader who supervised the rebuilding of Jerusalem in the mid-5th century bc after his release from captivity by the Persian king Artaxerxes I.
How many times has the temple in Jerusalem been destroyed and rebuilt?
Although the Temple is referred to as a single institution here, it is important to note that the Jerusalem Temple was rebuilt at least three times in antiquity.
Who destroyed the Second Temple in 70 AD?
Siege of Jerusalem, (70 ce), Roman military blockade of Jerusalem during the First Jewish Revolt. The fall of the city marked the effective conclusion of a four-year campaign against the Jewish insurgency in Judaea. The Romans destroyed much of the city, including the Second Temple.
Why did Solomon build the temple?
King Solomon sent a message to Hiram king of Tyre, who had been friends with his father David and sent David lots of wood to build his palace with. In this message, Solomon said that he wanted to build a temple for the Lord, and asked Hiram to send him wood.
What is Judah called today?
Judea or Judaea, and the modern version of Judah (/dʒuːˈdiːə/; from Hebrew: יהודה, Standard Yəhūda, Tiberian Yehūḏā; Greek: Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía; Latin: Iūdaea) is the ancient, historic, Biblical Hebrew, contemporaneous Latin, and the modern-day name of the mountainous southern part of the region of Israel and part of the
Who exiled the Israelites?
In 722 BCE, the Assyrians, under Sargon II, successor to Shalmaneser V, conquered the Kingdom of Israel, and many Israelites were deported to Mesopotamia. The Jewish proper diaspora began with the Babylonian exile in the 6th century BCE.
How long was Israel in exile?
Among those who accept a tradition (Jeremiah 29:10) that the exile lasted 70 years, some choose the dates 608 to 538, others 586 to about 516 (the year when the rebuilt Temple was dedicated in Jerusalem).
When did Judah return from exile?
After the fall of Babylon to the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE, exiled Judeans were permitted to return to Judah. According to the biblical book of Ezra, construction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem began around 537 BCE.
How long did it take Ezra to travel from Babylon to Jerusalem?
179), which is eight days’ journey from Babylon. The modern name of the place is “Hit”, which is famous for its bitumen springs, and is situated on the Euphrates, at a distance of about 80 miles northwest from Babylon. The distance from Hit to Jerusalem is 618 miles using modern roads.
What was Nehemiah’s job under King Artaxerxes?
1, 38). In the Post-exilic period, Nehemiah rose to the high ranking palace position of cup-bearer to King Artaxerxes, the sixth King of the Medio/Persian Empire. The position placed his life on the line every day, but gave Nehemiah authority and high pay, and was held in high esteem by him, as the record shows.