CATHOLIC CHURCH

salvation by faith plus works


If anyone says that the sinner is justified by faith alone, meaning that nothing else is required to cooperate in order to obtain the grace of justification, and that it is not in any way necessary that he be prepared and disposed by the action of his own will, let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Sixth Session, Canon 9)
If anyone says that the sacraments of the New Law are not necessary for salvation but are superfluous, and that without them or without the desire of them men obtain from God through faith alone the grace of justification, though all are not necessary for each one, let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Seventh Session, Canon 4)
If anyone says that by the sacraments of the New Law grace is not conferred ex opere operato, but that faith alone in the divine promise is sufficient to obtain grace, let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Seventh Session, Canon 8)
Moved by the Holy Spirit, we can merit for ourselves and for others all the graces needed to attain eternal life
(Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 2027)
The Church affirms that for believers the sacraments of the New Covenant (Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, Matrimony) are necessary for salvation.
(CCC, para. 1129)
Justification has been merited for us by the Passion of Christ. It is granted us through Baptism.
(CCC, para. 2020)
when it is deprived of hope and love, faith does not fully unite the believer to Christ
(CCC, para. 1815)
Service of and witness to the faith are necessary for salvation
(CCC, para. 1816)

WORD OF GOD

salvation by grace through faith alone


For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
(Ephesians 2:8,9)
yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.
(Galatians 2:16)
(Sinners) are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus...for we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
(Romans 3:24-26,28)
For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness." Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works
(Romans 4:2-6)
he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit
(Titus 3:5)
But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.
(Romans 11:6)
I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose.
(Galatians 2:21)
all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment.
(Isaiah 64:6)
"Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God."
(John 3:3)
 

 

sin of Presumption, no assurance of salvation


There are two kinds of presumption. Either man presumes upon his own capacities, (hoping to be able to save himself without help from on high), or he presumes upon God's almighty power or his mercy (hoping to obtain his forgiveness without conversion and glory without merit).
(CCC, para. 2092)
If anyone says that a man who is born again and justified is bound of faith to believe that he is certainly in the number of the predestined; let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Sixth Session, Canon 15)

assurance of salvation


I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life. And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us.
(1 John 5:13,14)
My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand.
(John 10:27,28)
In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will...you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire posession of it, to the praise of his glory.
(Ephesians 1:11-14)
And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.
(Romans 8:30)
And I am sure of this, that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.
(Philippians 1:6)
help these women, who have labored side by side with me in the gospel together with Clement and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.
(Philippians 4:3)
 

 

infant baptism regenerates through the Holy Spirit


The Church and the parents would deny a child the priceless grace of becoming a child of God were they not to confer Baptism shortly after birth.
(CCC, para. 1250)
Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission: “Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word.�
(CCC, para. 1213)
Justification has been merited for us by the Passion of Christ. It is granted us through Baptism.
(CCC, para. 2020)
The Church does not know of any means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude
(CCC, para. 1257)

only regenerate (born again) believers receive the Holy Spirit, and are then baptized as an outward sign of an inward reality


But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor the will of the flesh nor the will of man, but of God.
(John 1:12,13)
In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit
(Ephesians 1:13,14)
Can anyone withhold water for baptizing these people, who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?
(Acts 10:47)
 

 

purgatory to purify sins


All who die in God’s grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; but after death they undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven.
(CCC, para. 1030)
If anyone says that after the grace of justification has been received, to every penitent sinner the guilt is remitted and the debt for eternal punishment is blotted out, and that there remains no further debt of temporal punishment to be discharged either in this world or in the next, in Purgatory, before the entrance to the kingdom of heaven can be opened to him; let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Sixth Session, Canon 30)

Jesus’ sacrifice alone purifies sins (no such thing as purgatory)


we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all...For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.
(Hebrews 10:10,14)
After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high
(Hebrews 1:3)
the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.
(1 John 1:7)
it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment
(Hebrews 9:27)
 

 

indulgences


Since the faithful departed now being purified are also members of the same communion of saints, one way we can help them is to obtain indulgences for them, so that the temporal punishments due for their sins may be remitted.
(CCC, para. 1479)
Through indulgences the faithful can obtain the remission of temporal punishment resulting from sin for themselves and also for the souls in Purgatory.
(CCC, para. 1498)

no payment can save


Truly no man can ransom another, or give to God the price of his life, for the ransom of their life is costly, and can never suffice
(Psalm 49:7,8)
Now when Simon (the sorcerer) saw that the Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money, saying, “Give me this power also, so that anyone on whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit.� But Peter said to him, “May your silver perish with you, because you thought you could obtain the gift of God with money! You have neither part nor lot in this matter, for your heart is not right before God. Repent, therefore, of this wickedness of yours, and pray to the Lord that, if possible, the intent of your heart may be forgiven you.�
(Acts 8:18-22)
 

 

venial sins


venial sin does not set us in direct opposition to the will and friendship of God; it does not break the covenant with God.
(CCC, para. 1863)

all sin deserves death


For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it.
(James 2:10)
For the wages of sin is death
(Romans 6:23)
Behold, all souls are mine; the soul of the father as well as the soul of the son is mine: the soul who sins shall die.
(Ezekiel 18:4)
because of his iniquity, none can maintain his life.
(Ezekiel 7:13)
 

 

prayers for the dead


The faithful can gain indulges for themselves or apply them to the dead...Since the faithful departed now being purified are also members of the same communion of saints, one way we can help them is to obtain indulgences for them, so that the temporal punishments due for their sins may be remitted.
(CCC, para. 1471, 1479)

prayers for the dead are meaningless


it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment
(Hebrews 9:27)
 

 

prayers to the dead (Mary & saints)


By asking Mary to pray for us, we acknowledge ourselves to be poor sinners and we address ourselves to the “Mother of Mercy,� the All-Holy One. We give ourselves over to her now, in the Today of our lives. And our trust broadens further, already at the present moment, to surrender “the hour of death� wholly to her care.
(CCC, para. 2677)
The witnesses who have preceded us into the kingdom, especially those whom the Church recognizes as saints...We can and should ask them to intercede for us and for the whole world.
(CCC, para. 2683)

prayers to the dead are condemned; pray to God alone


There shall not be found among you...a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead, for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord.
(Deuteronomy 18:10-12)
should not a people inquire of their God? Should they inquire of the dead on behalf of the living? To the teaching and to the testimony! If they will not speak according to this word, it is because they have no dawn.
(Isaiah 8:19,20)
for you (God), you only, know the hearts of the children of mankind
(2 Chronicles 6:30)
 

 

Immaculate Conception of Mary


The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception...preserved immune from all stain of original sin.
(CCC, para. 491)

only Jesus born without sin


Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned
(Romans 5:12)
for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God
(Romans 3:23)
And Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior�
(Luke 1:46-47)
 

 

Assumption of Mary’s body into heaven


Finally the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all stain of original sin...was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, and exalted by the Lord as Queen over all things...in your Dormition (assumption) you did not leave the world (die), O Mother of God, but were joined to the source of Life.
(CCC, para. 966)

Mary, as all humanity, suffered death


But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep...for as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ.
(1 Corinthians 15:20,22-23)
 

 

Mary as Advocate, Helper, Mediator of saving grace


Taken up to heaven she did not lay aside this saving office but by her manifold intercession continues to bring us the gifts of eternal salvation. Therefore the Blessed Virgin is invoked in the Church under the titles of Advocate, Helper, Benefactress, and Mediatrix.
(CCC, para. 969)

Jesus alone as advocate and mediator, Holy Spirit alone as Helper


For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus
(1 Timothy 2:5)
But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous
(1 John 2:1)
he (Jesus) is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.
(Hebrews 7:25)
But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
(John 14:26)
 

 

Mary exalted as Queen of heaven


Finally the Immaculate Virgin..was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, and exalted by the Lord as Queen over all things
(CCC, para. 966)

queen of heaven condemned, Jesus gives his mother no special position relative to other believers


The children gather wood, the fathers kindle fire, and the women knead dough, to make cakes for the queen of heaven. And they pour out drink offerings to other gods to provoke me (God) to anger.
(Jeremiah 7:18)
I am the Lord; that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to carved idols.
(Isaiah 42:8)
As he said these things, a woman in the crowd raised her voice and said to him, “Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts at which you nursed!� But he said, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and keep it!�
(Luke 11:27-28)
And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said, “Here are my mother and my brothers! For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.�
(Matthew 12:49-50)
 

 

perpetual virginity of Mary


The deepening faith in the virginal motherhood led the Church to confess Mary’s real and perpetual virginity...And so the liturgy of the Church celebrates Mary as the “Ever-virgin.� Jesus is Mary’s only son
(CCC, para. 499, 501)

Mary gave birth to other children


While he (Jesus) was still speaking to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him.
(Matthew 12:46)
Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us?
(Matthew 13:55-56)
For not even his brothers believed in him.
(John 7:5)
All these with one accord were devoting themselves to prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and his brothers.
(Acts 1:14)
Do we not have the right to take along a believing wife, as do the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas?
(1 Corinthians 9:5)
But I saw none of the other apostles except James the Lord’s brother.
(Galatians 1:19)
 

 

the rosary


Medieval piety in the West developed the prayer of the rosary
(CCC, para. 2678)
The Church’s devotion to the Blessed Virgin is intrinsic to Christian worship...the rosary, an “epitome of the whole gospel,� expresses this devotion to the Virgin Mary.
(CCC, para. 971)

repetitious prayers/chants condemned


And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words.
(Matthew 6:7)
 

 

canonization of saints


The witnesses who have preceeded us into the kingdom, especially those whom the Church recognizes as saints...We can and should ask them to intercede for us and for the whole world.
(CCC, para. 2683)
By canonizing some of the faithful...the Church recognizes the power of the Spirit of holiness within her and sustains the hope of believers by proposing the saints to them as models and intercessors.
(CCC, para. 828)
It is permitted to reverence through public veneration only those servants of God whom the authority of the Church has recorded in the list of the saints or the blessed
(Code of Canon Law, Canon 1187)

all true Christians are saints, revere/venerate God alone


To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ
(1 Corinthians 1:2)
And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ.
(Ephesians 4:11-12)
I am the Lord; that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to carved idols.
(Isaiah 42:8)
 

 

humans become God


"For the Son of God became man so that we might become God." "The only-begotten Son of God, wanting to make us sharers in his divinity, assumed our nature, so that he, made man, might make men gods.
(CCC, para. 460, based on misinterpretation of 2 Peter 1:4)

humans aren't and cannot become divine; "partakers of the divine nature" to be understood as sharing God's eternal life in a glorified state, not literally becoming God...this was Satan's lie in the garden of Eden


I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god.
(Isaiah 44:6)
Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me.
(Isaiah 43:10)
But the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."
(Genesis 3:4)
 

 

solidarity in worship with Islam, however Islam denies the God of the Bible


The Church's relationship with the Muslims. "The plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator, in the first place amongst whom are the Muslims; these profess to hold the faith of Abraham, and together with us they adore the one, merciful God, mankind's judge on the last day."
(CCC, para. 841)
They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: For there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.
(Quran 5:73, Yusufali)
They sure disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the third of three; when there is no Allah save the One Allah. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
(Quran 5:73, Pickthal)
And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fighteth against them. How perverse are they!
(Quran 9:30, Pickthal)

Jesus is the only way


Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through me.
(John 14:6)
 

 

holy days of obligation, eating restrictions


On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass.
(CCC, para. 2192)
The penitential days and times in the universal Church are every Friday of the whole year and the season of Lent. Abstinence from meat, or from some other food as determined by the Episcopal Conference, is to be observed on all Fridays...Abstinence and fasting are to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. The law of abstinence binds those who have completed their fourteenth year. The law of fasting binds those who have attained their majority, until the beginning of their sixtieth year.
(Code of Canon Law, Canon 1250-1252)
A person who is to receive the Most Holy Eucharist is to abstain for at least one hour before holy communion from any food and drink, except for only water and medecine.
(Code of Canon Law, Canon 919)

special observances and restrictions condemned


But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? You observe days and months and seasons and years! I am afraid I may have labored over you in vain.
(Galatians 4:9-11)
Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared, who forbid marriage and abstinance from foods that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.
(1 Timothy 4:1-3)
If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations - "Do not handle, Do not taste, Do not touch" (referring to things that all perish as they are used) - according to human precepts and teachings? These indeed have an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgance of the flesh.
(Colossians 2:20-23)
For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
(Romans 14:17)
Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do.
(1 Corinthians 8:8)
Do we not have the right to eat and drink?
(1 Corinthians 9:4)
 

 

the Mass as reapparance of Jesus to be worshipped and re-sacrificed


The sacrifice of Christ and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are one single sacrifice...in this divine sacrifice which is celebrated in the Mass, the same Christ who offered himself once in a bloody manner on the altar of the cross is contained and is offered in an unbloody manner.
(CCC, para. 1367)
For it is in the liturgy, especially in the divine sacrifice of the Eucharist, that "the work of our redemption is accomplished"
(CCC, para. 1068)
Worship of the Eucharist...by, among other ways, genuflecting or bowing deeply as a sign of adoration of the Lord.
(CCC, para. 1378)
Wherefore, there is no room left for doubt that all the faithful of Christ may, according to the custom ever received in the Catholic Church, render in veneration the worship of latria, which is due to the true God, to this most holy sacrament (latria is the Catholic term for worship given to God alone)
(Council of Trent, Session 13, Chapter V)

Jesus' one-time offering for sin was perfect and final; He will not be "contained" in a wafer


For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. Nor was it to offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with blood not his own, for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment, so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.
(Hebrews 9:24-28)
without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.
(Hebrews 9:22)
we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all...when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time until his enemies should be made a footstool for his feet. For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified...Where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.
(Hebrews 10:10,12-14,18)
For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it for you on the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement by the life.
(Leviticus 17:11)
But will God indeed dwell with man on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contian you, how much less this house that I have built!
(2 Chronicles 6:18)
 

 

bread and wine literal presence of Jesus (transubstantiation)


Under the consecrated species of bread and wine Christ himself, living and glorious, is present in a true, real, and substantial manner: his Body and his Blood, with his soul and his divinity.
(CCC, para. 1413, based on a literal translation of John 6:29-69)
If anyone says that in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist there remains the substance of bread and wine together with the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denies that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the entire substance of the wine into the blood, the species of the bread and wine only remaining, a change in which the Catholic Church most fittingly calls transubstantiation, let him be anathema.
(Council of Trent, Session 13, Canon 2)

bread and wine spiritual reminder only


It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.
(John 6:63)
Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is!’ do not believe it...For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
(Matthew 24:23,27)
This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.�
(Acts 1:11)
“This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.� And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
(Luke 22:19,20)
"This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."
(1 Corinthians 11:25)
 

 

celibacy of clergy


All the ordained ministers...are normally chosen from among men of faith who life a celibate life and who intend to remain celibate for the sake of the kingdom of heaven.
(CCC, para. 1579)

allowed to marry


Do we not have the right to take along a believing wife, as do the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas (Peter)?
(1 Corinthians 9:5)
And when Jesus entered Peter’s house, he saw his mother-in-law lying sick with a fever.
(Matthew 8:14)
Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared, who forbid marriage and abstinance from foods that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.
(1 Timothy 4:1-3)
(why do you submit to regulations according to human precepts and teachings?) These indeed have an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgance of the flesh.
(Colossians 2:20-23)
 

 

ordination of priests under the New Covenant (after Jesus)


(under the Old Covenant) God chose one of the twelve tribes, that of Levi, and set it apart for liturgical service...A special rite consecrated the beginnings of the priesthood of the Old Covenant. The priests are “appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins.� The liturgy of the Church, however, sees in the priesthood of Aaron and the service of the Levites...a prefiguring of the ordained ministry (priesthood) of the New Covenant.
(CCC, para. 1539, 1541)

Jesus as only remaining High Priest who offered the final sacrifice for all sins, non-sacrificial priesthood of all believers


But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own posession
(1 Peter 2:9)
To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
(Revelation 1:5,6)
Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
(Hebrews 4:16)
He (Jesus) has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself. For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.
(Hebrews 7:27-28)
In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.
(Hebrews 8:13)
But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God...Where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.
(Hebrews 10:12,18)
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,� and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
(John 19:30)
 

 

Peter as rock on which the Church is built


Because of the faith he confessed Peter will remain the unshakable rock of the Church.
(CCC, para. 552, based on misinterpretation of Matthew 16:18)

Jesus is the only Rock


(the church is) built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone
(Ephesians 2:20)
Is there a God besides me? There is no Rock; I know not any.
(Isaiah 44:8)
For who is God, but the Lord, and who is a rock, except our God?
(Psalm 18:31)
"The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.
(Deuteronomy 32:4)
For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
(1 Corinthians 10:4)
Cursed is the man who trusts in man and makes flesh his strength, whose heart turns away from the Lord.
(Jeremiah 17:5)
 

 

Pope as Head of the Church and representative (vicar) of Christ


For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.
(CCC, para. 882)

Jesus alone as Head of the church, Holy Spirit alone as representative of Christ


And he (Jesus) is the head of the body, the church.
(Colossians 1:18)
we are to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ
(Ephesians 4:15)
And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth...But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
(John 14:16,26)
 

 

the Pope is called Holy Father, priests are called Father


the papacy has thus assumed all three of God’s titles: Father (God the Father), Head of the Church (Jesus), Vicar of Christ (Holy Spirit)
 

there is only one spiritual Father


And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.
(Matthew 23:9)
 

 

Papal Infallibility


Christ endowed the Church’s shepherds with the charism of infallibility in matters of faith and morals
(CCC, para. 890)
The infallibility of the Magisterium of the Pastors extends to all the elements of doctrine, without which the saving truths of the faith cannot be preserved, expounded, or observed.
(CCC, para. 2051)

Peter was not infallible


But when Cephas (Peter) came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. For before certain men came from James, he was eating with the Gentiles; but when they came he drew back and separated himself, fearing the circumcision party. And the rest of the Jews acted hypocritically along with him, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like the Jews?�
(Galatians 2:11-14)
But he (Jesus) turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.�
(Matthew 16:23)
 

 

Magisterium (Pope & bishops) as sole interpreter of the Word of God


The task of interpreting the Word of God authentically has been entrusted solely to the Magisterium of the Church, that is, to the Pope and to the bishops in communion with him.
(CCC, para. 100)

Word of God plain and accessible to all


We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God.
(2 Corinthians 4:2)
But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie - just as it has taught you, abide in him.
(1 John 2:27)
 

 

Apocrypha added to the canon of Scripture, second commandment merged with first


The Old Testament (includes) Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, the Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, Baruch
(CCC, para. 120)
The First Commandment...You shall have no other Gods before me. You shall not make for yourself a graven image...
(CCC, part 3, section 2, chapter 1, article 1)
The second commandment forbids every improper use of God’s name (You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain).
(CCC, para. 2162)
*The Apocrypha were added to the Bible in 1546 at the Council of Trent, contain historical and geographical error, and support unbiblical doctrines such as purgatory and indulgences. The 2nd commandment, forbidding graven images, is de-emphasized in its merging with the first commandment. It is thus often omitted from lists of the ten commandments in Catholic settings, such as Sunday school.

do not add to or take away from Scripture


Every word of God proves true...do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.
(Proverbs 30:5-6)
I warn everyone who hears the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.
(Revelation 22:18-19)
Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take away from it.
(Deuteronomy 12:32)
You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it
(Deuteronomy 4:2)
 

 

images, statues, icons, crucifixes


Following the divinely inspired teaching of our holy fathers and the tradition of our Catholic Church (for we know that this tradition comes from the Holy Spirit who dwells in her) we rightly define with full certainty and correctness that, like the figure of the precious and life-giving cross, venerable and holy images of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, our inviolate Lady, the holy Mother of God, and the venerated angels, all the saints and the just, whether painted or made of mosaic or another suitable material, are to be exhibited in the holy churches of God, on sacred vessels and vestments, walls and panels, in houses and on streets.
(CCC, para. 1161)

none of that


You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God
(Exodus 20:4-5)
Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man...they exchanged the truth of God for a lie and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever!
(Romans 1:22-23,25)
Cursed be the man who makes a carved or cast metal image, an abomination to the Lord
(Deuteronomy 27:15)
To whom will you liken God, or what likeness compare with him?
(Isaiah 40:18)
I am the Lord; that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to carved idols.
(Isaiah 42:8)
 

 

tradition equal in authority to Scripture


the Church...does not derive her certainty about all revealed truths from the holy Scriptures alone. Both Scripture and Tradition must be accepted and honored with equal sentiments of devotion and reverence.
(CCC, para. 82)

Scripture alone as sole authority


from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness
(2 Timothy 3:15,16)
And now I commend you to God and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified.
(Acts 20:32)
See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.
(Colossians 2:8)
I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written
(1 Corinthians 4:6)
And he said to them“Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men.� And he said to them, “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition!...thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down�
(Mark 7:6-13)
There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way to death.
(Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25)